Before movie legends like John Wayne galloped across the silver screen, real live cowboys and Indians entertained audiences in dramatic performances that traveled the world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. William “Buffalo Bill” Cody (1846-1917) helped generate the growing public interest in the vanishing Wild West by acting out the exploits of his life as a scout and Indian fighter in this uniquely American form of entertainment. At the same time, painters and sculptors such as Frederic Remington (1861-1909), N.C. Wyeth (1882-1945), and Carl Rungius (1869-1959) ventured west in search of artistic inspiration, translating their experiences into romantic portrayals that continue to influence contemporary understandings of life on the open range.
Playing Cowboy investigates the formative ways in which turn-of-the-century performing and visual arts mythologized cowboys and villainized Indians. Popular forms of mass media and entertainment, including dime novels, live stage performances, traveling exhibitions, illustrations, paintings, and sculpture all perpetuated the myth of the cowboy and stereotyped Native Americans, based on racialized perceptions of the time.
Colgate Gallery, Pizzagalli Center for Art and Education